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AI and The Threat to Human Jobs

Are robots and automation taking over human jobs? It’s a question that has been on the minds of many in recent years as the development of artificial intelligence (AI) and automation continues to accelerate. 

While AI has the potential to bring many benefits to society, it also poses a significant threat to the jobs that humans currently perform. 

AI and Automation

Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly transforming the way we live and work. In Nigeria, the adoption of AI is growing, with businesses, organizations, and individuals using the technology to drive innovation and improve efficiency.

Artificial intelligence is an umbrella term used to describe machines that can perform tasks that would typically require human intelligence, such as learning, problem-solving, and decision-making. AI has existed for decades, but recent advances in machine learning, natural language processing, and robotics have lead to significant advances in the field. Automation, on the other hand, is the use of technology to conduct previously human-performed tasks.

As AI and automation become more prevalent in various industries, there are concerns that they will replace human jobs. Some experts predict that as many as 800 million jobs could be lost to automation by 2030. While these predictions may be overly pessimistic, it’s clear that the widespread adoption of AI and automation will have a significant impact on the job market.

The Impact of AI on Employment

AI has already begun to transform various industries, from healthcare to manufacturing. One of the most significant impacts of AI on employment is the automation of repetitive tasks that were previously done by humans. This includes jobs in manufacturing, such as assembly line work and quality control, as well as administrative tasks, such as data entry and customer service.

AI has also led to the creation of new jobs, such as data scientists and AI engineers. However, these jobs require a high level of technical expertise, and there are concerns that they will only be accessible to a small percentage of the population.

The Threat to Low-Skilled Jobs

One of the biggest concerns surrounding the rise of AI is the potential loss of low-skilled jobs. Jobs that require minimal education or training, such as cashiers and truck drivers, are at the highest risk of automation. These jobs are also typically low-paying and have little job security, making it difficult for those who lose their jobs to transition into new careers.

While some argue that automation will create new jobs, it’s unlikely that these jobs will be accessible to those who lose their low-skilled jobs. The skills required for these new jobs are often highly specialized and require significant education and training.

The Threat to High-Skilled Jobs

High-skilled jobs may be less likely to be replaced by automation, however they are not immune to the impact of AI. Many jobs that require a high level of education and training, such as doctors and lawyers, are already being impacted by AI. For example, AI can now analyze medical images and provide diagnoses, reducing the need for radiologists. Similarly, AI-powered legal research tools are changing the way lawyers work.

While these developments may make these jobs more efficient, they also pose a threat to job security. As AI becomes more advanced, it’s likely that it will be able to perform more complex tasks, which could lead to the replacement of high-skilled jobs.

The Role of Government

The adoption of AI in Nigeria is still in its early stages, but the potential benefits are significant. By leveraging AI technologies, Nigeria can drive economic growth and development, improve access to healthcare and education, and create new jobs.

To fully realize the potential of AI, Nigeria must address the challenges of infrastructure, technical expertise, and job displacement. By investing in these areas, Nigeria can position itself as a leader in AI and drive innovation and growth for years to come.

As AI continues to impact the job market, there is a growing call for governments to take action. Some experts have suggested that a universal basic income could be a solution to the job displacement caused by automation. This would provide everyone with a basic income, regardless of whether they have a job or not.

The called for increased investment in education and training programs to ensure that people have the skills cannot be over-emphasized.

    George Ogunleye

The post AI and The Threat to Human Jobs appeared first on Arise News.

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